Peru travel: Perú! You have to see it to believe it, to open your eyes and all of a sudden awaken in Machu Picchu, magical city, that has just been internationally voted as one the new Seven Wonders of the World. It is a dream come true that every living soul should experience, along with planting a tree, writing a book, and having a child... visit Machu Picchu (and discover Peru).
Peru is divided into three regions. Although this simple division is a fair portrait of Peru's geography, the reality is much richer and far more complex: in Peru, nature appears to have taken on particular characteristics which have turned its mountains, plains, jungles and valleys into unique habitats. An extraordinary variety of eco-systems shelters a wide diversity of animals and plants.
The Coast peruvian
Which features deserts, beautiful beaches and fertile valleys...
The Peruvian coastline is formed by a long snaking desert hemmed in between the sea and the mountains. The Andes to the east and the cold Humboldt sea current that runs along the coast are what make this area so arid.
From the Sechura desert to the Nazca plains and the Atacama desert, the dry coastal terrain is occasionally split by valleys covered by a thick layer of cloud and drizzle in the winter.
Humidity in these areas produces a sensation of cold, although temperatures rarely dip below 12ºC. During the summer, meanwhile, the sun beats down and temperatures often top 30ºC. The central and southern sections of the coast feature two well-defined seasons: winter from April to October, and summer from November to March.
The north coast, meanwhile, is not touched by the effects of the cold current, which means it enjoys 300 days of sunshine a year and warm temperatures all year-long (as much as 35°C in the summer). The rain season runs from November to March
The Highlands in Peru
A mountainous area dominated by the Andes, where Mount Huascaran soars to 6,768 meters.
In the Peruvian highlands, there are two well-defined seasons: the dry season (from April to October), marked by sunny days, cold nights and the lack of rain (the ideal time for visiting); and the rainy season (November to March), when there are frequent rain showers (generally more than 1000 mm). A characteristic of the mountain region is the drop in temperature during the day: temperatures commonly range around 24ºC at midday before plunging to -3ºC at night.
The steep slopes of the Andes means temperatures gradually drop in the highest region, known as the puna, the highland plain.
The dry and pleasant climate in the highlands makes it possible to grow a wide variety of crops there.
The Jungle in Peru
A vast region of tropical vegetation in the Amazon River Basin, home to Peru's largest natural reserves.
The vast Peruvian jungle, which surrounds the wide and winding Amazon river, is divided into two differentiated areas: the cloud forest (above 700 masl), which features a subtropical, balmy climate, with heavy rain showers (around 3000 mm a year) between November and March, and sunny days from April to October; and the lowland jungle (below 700 masl), where the dry season runs from April to October and is ideal for tourism, with sunshine and high temperatures often topping 35ºC.
During this season, the river levels dip and roads are easy to drive. The rainy season, meanwhile, which runs from November to March, features frequent rain showers (at least once a day) which can damage roads in the area.
The jungle features high humidity all year long. In the southern jungle, there are sometimes cold spells known locally as friajes or surazos, cold fronts which drift up from the far south of the continent between May and August, where temperatures can drop to 8-12ºC
Note: To calculate Fahrenheit temperatures: 9/5 (ºC) + 32
Visit the gallery from Perú: Peru pictures to see destinations in pictures.
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Information about Perú
Visas to Peru
Visas are not required for tourists entering Peru, except very few rare cases. You may legally stay in the country for 30 to 90 days. If you need to extend your visit, you may apply for an extension at the local immigration offices located in the main cities.
Money in Peru
The official currency in Peru is el nuevo sol, the dollar and the Euro are openly accepted. These can be exchanged to nuevo sol at the local banks, hotels, currency exchange business and Peru's traditional informal street exchange services, which includes people exchanging the money on the street corners.
Climate in Peru
In general, Peru has a temperate climate, without great stormy weather in winter or excessive heat in the summer, allowing tourism any time a year.
In Lima, the country's capital, the average temperature is 25 °C 77°F) during summer; during winter, the days get grey, soggy and foggy with a min. temperature of 12°C (5°3 F) to 15°C (59 F)
Temperatures and Weather conditions in Peru (Southern Hemisphere):
- Summer: December 22 to March 21.
- Autumn: March 22 to June 21.
- Winter: June 22 to September 22.
- Spring: September 23 to December 21.
Three different climate zones can be distinguished matching three geographical areas in the Peruvian territory:
- In the subtropical coast, the summer heat will reach the 29°C (84 F) while the winter being soggy and foggy has temperatures no higher than 14°C (57 F).
In the Andes, the weather is cold and dry and the temperature fluctuates between 9 °C (48 F) and 18 °C (64 F) degrees according to the time in the day. The sun can be shinning all day long, but when the night falls, the temperature will be down to only 5°C (41 F).
In the Jungle the climate is considered tropical, hot and humid being the average temperature between 25 °C (77 F) to 28 degrees (82 F)
In the Andes and the Jungle the rainy season always starts in December and ends in April.
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